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Battleships RECENT POSTS Video10 Most Powerful Battleships of All Time
Beeinflussen, Battleships stellt sich noch die Frage, Гber diese EmpfГnger. - NavigationsmenüÜber eine Satellitenstation auf Hawaii sendet sie ein Signal an einen speziellen Satelliten im Orbit Serie C Girone C Erde, der das Signal verstärkt und in Richtung des neu entdeckten Planeten schickt.
Thereafter, at least in the daylight when the planes could fly, battleships performed as auxiliaries to aircraft carriers. The Second World War brought another mission, shore-bombardment, in which the fire of heavy guns was precisely directed against enemy facilities ashore, to pave the way for invasion or to simply destroy war-making potential.
This justified the retention of the big-gun ships in the post-war era and brought them back to active duty on three different occasions.
Naval History and Heritage Command. Social Media. Toggle left navigation Nav. The United Kingdom's four surviving King George V -class ships were scrapped in ,  and Vanguard followed in Hessen was taken over by the Soviet Union and renamed Tsel.
She was scrapped in Schleswig-Holstein was renamed Borodino , and was used as a target ship until Schlesien , too, was used as a target ship.
She was broken up between and The Iowa -class battleships gained a new lease of life in the U. Navy as fire support ships.
Radar and computer-controlled gunfire could be aimed with pinpoint accuracy to target. As part of Navy Secretary John F. Lehman 's effort to build a ship Navy in the s, and in response to the commissioning of Kirov by the Soviet Union, the United States recommissioned all four Iowa -class battleships.
On several occasions, battleships were support ships in carrier battle groups , or led their own battleship battle group. After Indiana was stricken in , the four Iowa-class ships were the only battleships in commission or reserve anywhere in the world.
There was an extended debate when the four Iowa ships were finally decommissioned in the early s. These last two battleships were finally stricken from the U.
Naval Vessel Register in Navy listed no battleships in the reserve in When the last Iowa -class ship was finally stricken from the Naval Vessel Registry , no battleships remained in service or in reserve with any navy worldwide.
A number are preserved as museum ships , either afloat or in drydock. Wisconsin now serves as a museum ship in Norfolk, Virginia. North Carolina is on display in Wilmington, North Carolina.
Alabama is on display in Mobile, Alabama. The wreck of the Arizona , sunk during the Pearl Harbor attack in , is designated a historical landmark and national gravesite.
The only other 20th-century battleship on display is the Japanese pre-dreadnought Mikasa. A replica of the ironclad battleship Dingyuan was built by the Weihai Port Bureau in and is on display in Weihai , China.
Battleships were the embodiment of sea power. For Alfred Thayer Mahan and his followers, a strong navy was vital to the success of a nation, and control of the seas was vital for the projection of force on land and overseas.
Mahan's theory, proposed in The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, — of , dictated the role of the battleship was to sweep the enemy from the seas.
This concept of "potential threat" can be further generalized to the mere existence as opposed to presence of a powerful fleet tying the opposing fleet down.
This concept came to be known as a " fleet in being "—an idle yet mighty fleet forcing others to spend time, resource and effort to actively guard against it.
Mahan was highly influential in naval and political circles throughout the age of the battleship,   calling for a large fleet of the most powerful battleships possible.
Mahan's work developed in the late s, and by the end of the s it had acquired much international influence on naval strategy;  in the end, it was adopted by many major navies notably the British, American, German, and Japanese.
The strength of Mahanian opinion was important in the development of the battleships arms races, and equally important in the agreement of the Powers to limit battleship numbers in the interwar era.
The "fleet in being" suggested battleships could simply by their existence tie down superior enemy resources. This in turn was believed to be able to tip the balance of a conflict even without a battle.
This suggested even for inferior naval powers a battleship fleet could have important strategic effect. While the role of battleships in both World Wars reflected Mahanian doctrine, the details of battleship deployment were more complex.
Unlike ships of the line , the battleships of the late 19th and early 20th centuries had significant vulnerability to torpedoes and mines—because efficient mines and torpedoes did not exist before that  —which could be used by relatively small and inexpensive craft.
By the s, the Royal Navy had developed the first destroyers , which were initially designed to intercept and drive off any attacking torpedo boats.
During the First World War and subsequently, battleships were rarely deployed without a protective screen of destroyers.
Battleship doctrine emphasised the concentration of the battlegroup. In order for this concentrated force to be able to bring its power to bear on a reluctant opponent or to avoid an encounter with a stronger enemy fleet , battlefleets needed some means of locating enemy ships beyond horizon range.
This was provided by scouting forces; at various stages battlecruisers , cruisers , destroyers, airships , submarines and aircraft were all used.
With the development of radio, direction finding and traffic analysis would come into play, as well, so even shore stations, broadly speaking, joined the battlegroup.
The North Sea campaign of the First World War illustrates how, despite this support, the threat of mine and torpedo attack, and the failure to integrate or appreciate the capabilities of new techniques,  seriously inhibited the operations of the Royal Navy Grand Fleet, the greatest battleship fleet of its time.
The presence of battleships had a great psychological and diplomatic impact. Similar to possessing nuclear weapons today, the ownership of battleships served to enhance a nation's force projection.
Even during the Cold War , the psychological impact of a battleship was significant. In , USS Missouri was dispatched to deliver the remains of the ambassador from Turkey, and her presence in Turkish and Greek waters staved off a possible Soviet thrust into the Balkan region.
Gunfire from New Jersey later killed militia leaders. Battleships were the largest and most complex, and hence the most expensive warships of their time; as a result, the value of investment in battleships has always been contested.
As the French politician Etienne Lamy wrote in , "The construction of battleships is so costly, their effectiveness so uncertain and of such short duration, that the enterprise of creating an armored fleet seems to leave fruitless the perseverance of a people".
It proposed what would nowadays be termed a sea denial strategy, based on fast, long-ranged cruisers for commerce raiding and torpedo boat flotillas to attack enemy ships attempting to blockade French ports.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Battleship disambiguation. Large armored warship with a main battery consisting of heavy caliber guns.
Main article: Ship of the line. Main article: Ironclad warship. Main article: Pre-dreadnought battleship. See also: Dreadnought. See also: World War I naval arms race.
See also: Naval warfare of World War I. See also: List of battleships of the Second World War. Battleships portal. Steaming in the Dark?
II, pp. When 12 inch guns are firing, 10 inch guns go unnoticed Everything in this war has tended to emphasise the vast importance to a ship Known as the Battle of August 10 in Russia.
Sacred vessels: the cult of the battleship and the rise of the U. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. OED Online.
Oxford University Press. April 4, A Treatise on Naval Gunnery , p. For the U. Naval Institute Pres, , p. Four Modern Naval Campaigns , pp.
The Complete Encyclopedia of Battleships , pp. Birth of the battleship: British capital ship design — Retrieved October 23, There was intended to be another class of five of these ships, the Montana class BB Montana through BB Louisiana , but they were cancelled before being laid down in favor of a greater number of aircraft carriers.
The Montana -class ships would have been built to a 60,ton post-Panamax design, and carried a greater number of guns twelve inch guns and heavier armor than the other ships; otherwise they would have been homogeneous with the rest of the World War II battleships.
The straw that broke the camel's back was Brazil's commissioning of the battleship Riachuelo , which suddenly made the Brazilian Navy the strongest in the Americas.
Congressman Hilary A. Herbert , chairman of the House Naval Affairs Committee , said of the situation, "if all this old navy of ours were drawn up in battle array in mid-ocean and confronted by the Riachuelo it is doubtful whether a single vessel bearing the American flag would get into port.
Texas was authorized by Congress on 3 August , but construction lagged until she was laid down on 1 June She was launched in the presence of the granddaughter of Sam Houston on 28 June , and commissioned on 15 August An American fleet including Texas was ready and waiting at Key West , and was part of the Flying Squadron in its engagements with Spanish fortifications on the Cuban coast.
The remains of the San Marcos continued to be used for gunnery practice after her sinking until January ,  when vast quantities of explosives were used to bury her remains.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from List of battleships of the United States Navy.
Wikipedia list article. Main article: USS Texas Main article: Indiana-class battleship. Main article: Kearsarge-class battleship. Main article: Illinois-class battleship.
Main article: Maine-class battleship. Main article: Virginia-class battleship. Main article: Connecticut-class battleship.
Main article: Mississippi-class battleship. Main article: South Carolina-class battleship. Main article: Delaware-class battleship.
Main article: Florida-class battleship. Main article: Wyoming-class battleship. Main article: New York-class battleship.
Main article: Nevada-class battleship. Both ships were about feet 6 inches meters in length and had a displacement of over 49, long tons 50, tons.
The KMS Bismarck finally went down in The Kirov Class were the largest warships built by the Russian Navy. The Admiral Ushakov was a nuclear powered battlecruiser that was feet meters and could essentially travel endlessly with its nuclear power.
The Admiral Ushakov is currently decommissioned after plans to modernize the battlecruiser were scrapped. Source: Wikimedia Commons via U.
South Dakota, Washington and Indiana were scrapped, but the remainder are now museum ships. There was intended to be another class of five of these ships, the Montana class BB Montana through BB Louisiana , but they were canceled before being laid down in favor of a greater number of aircraft carriers.
The Montana class ships would have been built to a 60,ton post-Panamax design, and carried a greater number of guns 12x 16" and heavier armor than the other ships; otherwise they would have been homogenous with the rest of the World War II battleships.
Except for Kearsarge , named by an act of Congress, all American battleships have been named for states, and every state has had at least one battleship named for it except Alaska and Hawaii.
Two battleships have been authorized to be named for Montana, but both were canceled before commissioning.
USS Missouri refuels s refit . This wiki. This wiki All wikis. Sign In Don't have an account?My son says this is a brilliant game and he'd recommend to his friends Peter Reinhardt. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web.